Detention, reasonable suspicion, and the 4th Amendment

An officer, absent consent, may only pat/frisk search a person if there is reasonable suspicion to detain and reasonable suspicion to believe they are armed and dangerous

In part one we looked at a recruit officer that was given direction to conduct a pat/frisk search on every subject he contacted or face the wrath of a poor appraisal by his FTO. Consensual encounters and arrests were discussed as to their applicability to pat/frisk searches. Now we continue our examination of the direction given to the recruit by discussing detentions.

A detention exists when:

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