Q: As a street cop, I know I need to be prepared to handle trauma wounds. What should I keep in my first aid kit to treat these?
Dr. Czarnecki: Police officers should carry a medical kit specifically designed for penetrating trauma (gunshot wounds and stab wounds). Such a kit can be assembled at a fairly low cost.
(AP file photo)
While it would be a good idea for officers to carry this small kit at all times, they should definitely carry it during high-risk activities, like warrant service and protective detail, and during firearms training (in case of accidental injuries). Contents should include:
• 2 pairs of gloves • 1 or 2 tourniquets • 1 or 2 trauma dressings • 1 or 2 rolls of gauze
Gloves I recommend nitrile gloves over latex. Nitrile is more resistant to puncture and chemicals, and do not cause the allergic reactions latex may.
Tourniquets A tourniquet is a tightly wrapped bandage that stops the flow of blood from an artery (usually a limb) by applying pressure. Tourniquets are safe and effective in trained hands -- if applied to an extremity for less than one hour. Tourniquets alone could save 60% of all the preventable deaths from combat trauma. My preferred tourniquet is the triangular bandage (usually 37 x 37 x 52 inches). It is cheap, lightweight, and easy to deploy. A lot of people are scared to apply tourniquets, but people are increasingly recognizing their critical life-saving importance.
Trauma dressings The key here is the ability to apply pressure to the wound, rather than just covering it and absorbing the blood. I recommend the Cederroth Bloodstopper, sold in most public safety catalogs.
Rolls of gauze The gauze should be a sterile "disorganized" conforming bandage type, like Kerlix bandage rolls (4 inch wide preferred).
Car or team medical kit
A larger medical kit should be kept in cars or made readily available during other high-risk activities.
Suggested contents include:
• Two (or more) medical kits, wrapped separately, and used only for penetrating traumas • Laerdal Pocket Mask™ • Coban™ cohesive bandage (self-adherent) • SAM ® splint • Xeroform dressing or other non-adherent dressings • Bandage strips, tape wound closure • 4 x 4 gauze pads • Tape • Elastic wraps • Safety pins • Space blankets • EMT shears • Cold compresses • Medications: acetaminophen, ibuprofen, triple antibiotic ointment, aspirin • Artificial tears (saline) • Antiseptic solution • Alcohol gel • An automated external defibrillator (AED) is recommended to trained officers, if available.
Dr. Czarnecki is the Director of Medical-Legal Research with The Gables Group, Inc., a business intelligence and investigative consultancy based in Miami, FL, and the Director of Training of the Center for Homeland Security Studies, a non-profit corporation conducting training in counter-terrorism and intelligence for domestic law enforcement. He previously was an emergency physician of the Ambroise Pare Hospital, Boulogne, France.