Police design programs to build trust with undocumented immigrants
By ANABELLE GARAY
GARLAND, Texas- When a group of men posing as police officers robbed several Hispanic immigrants, not all the victims reported the crimes to the real authorities. The reason for their silence is simple, many immigrants say.
"Yes, sometimes you get afraid. It's not because you're doing anything bad. Lots of times, because you're Hispanic, people don't want you around," said Irma Delgado, a 34-year-old Mexican immigrant.
Fear of police and deportation makes illegal immigrants easy targets for criminals, prompting police departments around the country to try outreach programs designed to build trust with residents.
One program developed in the Dallas suburb of Garland, called Unidos, Spanish for "united," has yielded such promising results that Dallas began using it in February. The suburb of Richardson has plans to use it this month, and several Texas departments are considering it.
Unidos features meetings on topics relevant to immigrants. Departments bring in guest speakers and Spanish-speaking officers are always available. The message: Police won't single out immigrants if they are living in the country illegally.
"We all had another concept of police in Garland, that they would mistreat us," said Delgado, who has attended the meetings. "I've learned a lot of things, mainly, that they're here to help us."
In the 2 1/2 years since Unidos began in 2003, Garland Police Assistant Chief Steve Dye said, attendance at the meetings regularly surpasses 100 and more crimes are getting reported.
"It's focused not so much on the esoteric concerns on immigration policy ... but on enabling officers to become more aware of the day-to-day issues and people to navigate those day-to-day issues," said Phillip Lyons, executive director of the Texas Regional Community Policing Institute at Sam Houston State University.
With more than 31 million people in the U.S. who were born abroad, including an estimated 11 million living here illegally, some departments want to involve immigrants in community policing programs.
There's no way to tell how many departments are using outreach programs, and they vary greatly, said Gilbert Moore of the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services at the U.S. Department of Justice. Some publish crime prevention materials in Spanish or other languages, others provide cultural training for police and residents.
For example, Austin police coordinated with the Mexican consulate and area banks so undocumented workers could open accounts, helping reduce the number of robberies. The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Police Department in North Carolina created an International Relations Unit charged with holding crime prevention training for residents, recruiting bilingual officers and providing cultural training to police. Unit members include Spanish, Laotian, Thai and Vietnamese speakers.
After Hmong refugees and other Southeast Asians resettled in St. Paul, Minnesota, police started ACOP (A Community Outreach Program). The program added police storefronts in apartment buildings with predominately Asian residents and employs social workers and translators.
Now the department is trying to include Hispanic immigrants in its efforts and recently received a $250,000 (euro195,000) grant to develop a program for Somali and Muslim immigrants, said St. Paul police spokesman Pete Crum.
Several Clearwater, Florida, officers were sent to the Mexican state of Hidalgo so they could learn about the place and culture many immigrants called home. Departments from Corcoran, California, to Dallas have set up citizen police academies in Spanish.
Before Dye started Unidos, the department had faced a series of police shootings involving Hispanics, a string of muggings of undocumented workers and the killing of an immigrant during a robbery.
Still, many immigrants steered clear of the police station.
At the same time, police say, recent immigrants were finding themselves on the wrong side of the law often because they didn't speak English or were misinformed.
It's unclear how the outreach programs could be affected by immigration measures being considered in Congress. The House approved a measure to enlist local authorities to enforce immigration laws, but the Senate continues discussion on other measures, including border security.
Regardless of the outcome in Washington, advocates say outreach programs are crucial because immigrants are vulnerable to street crime and scams since they don't have proper documents for traditional banking or aren't fluent in English.
"The system is taking advantage of these people, not just robbing them," said Joe Campos, national executive manager of the League of United Latin American Citizens. "They know they won't complain."
At a recent meeting in Garland, about 100 people, most of them immigrants, packed into police headquarters. They listened intently as police warned about the men who targeted mainly Hispanic neighborhoods and robbed their victims while pretending to search them. They had questions too, including how a new ordinance to tow uninsured vehicles would work and which office to go to for a driver's license.
On the Net:
Texas Regional Community Policing Institute: http://www.cjcenter.org/trcpi/
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services: http://www.cops.usdoj.gov/
League of United Latin American Citizens: http://lulac.org
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