How to spot signs of depression in police officers
Know what to do if you identify an officer who’s walking a fine mental health line
September is National Suicide Awareness Month. In recognition of this, we will be sharing articles and resources from our archives on mental health awareness and suicide prevention.
If you are feeling suicidal, help is available. Call the National Suicide Prevention Hotline at 800/273-8255, or visit suicidepreventionlifeline.org.
Article updated on September 2, 2017.
Sometimes the greatest battle officers find themselves facing is the one you can’t always see being fought. It’s a battle in the mind and it can be deadly.
With increasing job stress combining with escalating stresses in many officers’ personal lives, staying alert for signs of an “internal threat” to your fellow officers can be just as critical as watching for threats coming from the outside. Here are a few things you can do.
Learn how to identify signs and symptoms of depression. Here are just a few of the things to watch for:
- An officer who suddenly begins taking unnecessary risks on and off duty.
- A shift in attitude and demeanor, like a change from motivated and professional behavior to apathetic and flippant.
- Statements of hopelessness like, “None of this really matters anyway. I don’t even know why we try out here. We can’t really do anything anyway. This is a losing battle and I’m tired of it.”
- Loss of interest in recreational things the officer used to like to do previously.
- The sudden use of “terminal”-type comments like, “Hey, you’ll take care of my family if something happens to me and I’m not here anymore, right?” or “Listen, if I end up dead I want you to make sure you tell so and so such and such,” etc.
- Noticeable physical changes: weight loss, lack of usual hygiene, an exhausted appearance, etc.
- Increased drinking or signs of drug use.
Have the guts to approach a potentially at-risk officer and make the effort to find out what’s going on. If you see start seeing signs of a possible problem, don’t blow it off assuming it will pass. Be discreet but be determined in your approach.
identify next steps
Know what to do and where to turn if you do identify an officer who’s walking a fine mental health line. Familiarize yourself with employee assistance programs and/or psych services your agency offers and get some advice from them on the next steps to take with an at-risk officer. It’s better for you to know immediately what to do next rather than having to take the time to research the appropriate course of action after you’ve determined there’s a problem. Time can be of the essence in these situations.
be honest with yourself
If you’re feeling depressed, get help. Know that help is available, that there are scores of people who do care and that personal challenges of every sort do pass. You’re not alone. Reach out.
Stay safe – physically and mentally.