Federal attorneys target convicted Baltimore sergeant’s cases; four more officers suspended
Federal public defenders are reviewing cases investigated by officers that have since been brought up on corruption charges
BALTIMORE — Former Baltimore Police Sgt. Keith Gladstone spent much of his career working on federal task forces and other plainclothes units making big cases. Now, with Gladstone pleading guilty to a federal corruption charge, federal public defenders are seeking to overturn some of those cases.
Attorneys this week filed motions to vacate the convictions of four people who are currently serving sentences between 10 and 22 years in prison. One of the cases involves not just Gladstone but also two other BPD officers since convicted of misconduct.
“We have a legal and ethical duty to ensure the integrity of federal convictions that rest on the credibility of indicted officers,” said Paresh Patel, the federal public defender who filed the motions. “These guys have lengthy sentences, and their convictions rested critically on Officer Gladstone’s accounts."
Federal prosecutors have not yet responded to the motions, and declined to comment on their general view of cases involving the corrupt officers.
Since the Gun Trace Task Force corruption scandal broke, the Baltimore State’s Attorney’s Office has been vacating hundreds of convictions that rested on the credibility of GTTF officers and others implicated in the scandal.
The U.S. Attorney’s Office has taken a different tack than city prosecutors. The office handled far fewer cases involving the implicated officers and has generally opposed overturning those convictions, even when the defendants served as witnesses in their case against the officers. They instead have moved to cut short the sentences of people who were still incarcerated.
More challenges could be coming. The Police Department confirmed this week that four officers who have served on various federal task forces currently have their police powers suspended in connection with “ongoing” internal affairs cases. The latest officer, Det. Ethan Glover a task force officer assigned to the Drug Enforcement Administration, joins Craig Jester, Victor Rivera and Ivo Louvado, who were already suspended.
The department did not disclose the reasons for the internal affairs cases or the suspensions.
All four worked in the past with Gladstone and GTTF Sgt. Wayne Jenkins, who is serving 25 years in federal prison, though police would not confirm that suspensions are related to the federal GTTF investigation, which federal prosecutors said last month was ongoing. None have been charged with crimes.
A review of Gladstone’s cases that are being challenged by the federal public defender’s office shows a familiar pattern of his conduct being strongly questioned in court by defense attorneys who were ultimately unable to clear the high hurdle to prove misconduct or have evidence suppressed.
Gladstone pleaded guilty in May 2019 but no sentencing date has been scheduled.
In one of the cases, against defendant Garry Nicholson, the U.S. Attorney’s Office had disclosed a prior disciplinary case against Gladstone in which a trial board sustained allegations of neglect of duty relating to taking money from a target and then giving the money back “as a relationship sort of developed and the sergeant started to change his investigative strategy relative to this person,” as a judge characterized it.
Judge James K. Bredar said during a hearing in Nicholson’s case that the prior sustained complaint against Gladstone “had a whiff about it that, you know, I didn’t like.”
“I mean, this is a guy who’s been found to have not followed procedures. And it relates to money,” Bredar said.
In Nicholson’s case, from 2014, Gladstone said he witnessed Nicholson make a hand-to-hand transaction of a single Percocet pill and searched the defendant’s car and found nothing, transcripts show. Defense attorney Joseph Balter questioned whether the observation was concocted, saying it “added what they desperately needed in that affidavit - what they desperately needed was to recover some drugs.”
No cash was recovered, and the two men denied having exchanged drugs, saying instead they were exchanging telephone numbers. But armed with the alleged observation, as well as other information that officers say came from informants, police obtained a search warrant for Nicholson’s home and found drugs and a handgun.
“You’re swimming against 30 years of case law that has made it ever more difficult for defendants to challenge the circumstances that your client is in,” Bredar said at one point.
“But I’m relying on more than 200 years of the Constitution, Your Honor," Balter replied.
Of the alleged hand-to-hand transaction and stop, Bredar said “the whole thing [was] pretty weak.” But he said the defense wasn’t unable to meet the burden of a “substantial preliminary showing that a false statement was knowingly or intentionally or with reckless disregard was made.”
The case also involved three detectives Gladstone supervised - Carmine Vignola, Robert Hankard and Michael O’Sullivan - who have also since been charged. Vignola has pleaded guilty to lying to a federal grand jury in connection with a BB-gun planting incident; Hankard has also been charged with lying in the case as well as a second charge relating to a search warrant, and his case is pending. O’Sullivan was charged in state court and convicted of lying about finding a gun. O’Sullivan was sentenced to 15 months; Vignola was sentenced to 18 months.
Nicholson pleaded guilty to possession of cocaine and is serving a 10-year sentence. He is scheduled for release in October 2021.
In a second case being challenged, Gladstone and Louvado said they received information that a man named Eric Griffin was a heroin dealer, looked him up in police databases and saw that his driving privileges were suspended. They then pulled him over to arrest him, searched his car and said they found small baggies of heroin and $1,000 in cash.
They parlayed that stop into a search warrant for a home and said they recovered additional drugs and a gun. Griffin received 12-and-a-half years in prison and was released in July, but remains under supervision.
A third defendant, Bishme Walker, is serving a nearly 22-year sentence. The fourth, Timothy Claridy is serving 20 years. Walker and Claridy both took their cases to trial.
“I find Detective Gladstone to be credible,” U.S. District Judge Richard D. Bennett said after denying defense motions in Claridy’s case.
Patel, the federal public defender, said the U.S. Attorney’s Office agreed to give the four defendants up to a year to make arguments for why their cases should be overturned. Patel said he hopes the federal prosecutors will work out resolutions in the cases.
“They’re the ones who brought the indictment - they know of Gladstone’s wrongdoing,” Patel said. "We’re really hoping that they sit down with us and we can talk about these cases, and that we get some justice for our clients.”