"Selling" the K-9 unit to patrol

In most police organizations the K-9 Unit is available to support the Patrol Division. How well the patrol division and the K-9 unit interact depends on a few important issues: primarily the familiarity, confidence, and exposure between the units.

Richland County K-9 deputy Gerald Atkinson trains with Chico, a Belgian Malinois, during a training exercise Tuesday, Oct. 21, 2008, in Columbia, S.C. Looking on is instructor T.J. Westrik, of Holland's Royal Dutch Police. Some 40 police canine teams from around the U.S. participated in the week long training. (AP Photo)
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It’s the job of the K-9 unit to invite patrol officers to training. Too often the K-9 unit trains independently, yet they are working to support the patrol division. Unless regular patrol officers come to training, they won’t know the right way to behave around the K-9. Over time some patrol officers get familiar with the K-9 division by calling them out, but K-9 guys often assume that the patrol guys actually know how to work around K-9s when that is not actually the case.

Unless K-9 officers make presentations to patrol to explain how to operate in a tracking scenario, they should not be quick to criticize patrol officers for failing to minimize contamination of a scene. They must be taught how the K-9 can save time and effort on the part of patrol officers. I always try to remind K-9 handlers that cops are by nature proactive, they lose a guy in a jump and run, so they want to take the initiative to follow and find him. It takes restraint and understanding to realize that creating a perimeter and calling in K-9 is not a waste of valuable time, but rather the right way to efficiently locate and apprehend a suspect rather than tromping around in the dark contaminating the scent picture.

If patrol calls out the dog for a drug search in a traffic stop, and the dog fails to locate any contraband, the officer may assume the dog is wrong. After all, the officer who called in for K-9 thought the car contained contraband. If this happens too often the assumption will be that the dog is not capable of finding anything. If however, the officer is invited to training, he can see the dogs working and locating, and passing up blank cars, and get an appreciation for the quality of the K-9s. Too often, assumptions based on only a few interactions can be made that a dog is ineffective, when that is actually not the case. I t is the responsibility of K-9 Unit to sell their program to Patrol. Make presentations and invite patrol officers to participate in training scenarios, like traffic stops. Make regular legal update presentations to keep your patrol guys up to speed on K-9 case law. This interaction shows respect for the patrol officers, and allows K-9 to educate and build confidence in their unit.

Additionally, if K-9 gets a reputation for being lazy and not training, other patrol officers will see it in the dog’s performance and lose confidence in the K-9. As a K-9 officer you are required to do six hours a week, but this is a minimum. A dedicated K-9 officer trains all the time, and trains on his own to make his team effective and efficient.

In call outs for building and area searches, it is important to remember that regular patrol officers may be uneasy around your K-9. Unless you practice scenarios such as building searches and area searches with the patrol guys you are going to support, they will not know how to act around your dog. On a building search, if the back-up officer is not comfortable with your K-9, he will pay attention to the dog (your job) rather than his area of responsibility. This can lead to someone getting injured or worse, killed. Where good relationships exist between Patrol and K-9, officers feel comfortable working with the K-9 and the K-9 picks up on this. If backup shows fear or unease, the dog will not work effectively.

This exposure is also extremely important in tracking operations, where backup runs with the K-9 officer as his safety officer. In rural tracking, this backup officer is responsible for the handler's safety, so skimping on exposure is a big risk to both handler and backup.

K-9 officers should take the time to create a PowerPoint brief to help patrol understand what you know. Help them understand how to prepare a scene for a successful track. Show them what you need to get your dog to work effectively on a traffic stop when you are searching for contraband. Let them watch your dog work so they can understand the changes in behavior you are looking for during a building search (when your back-up may have a better vantage point) or area search.

It is the K-9 officer's responsibility to keep selling the benefits of the program to everyone. Interaction breeds familiarity and confidence. Exposure leads to a level of comfort with your K-9.

About the author

Girard William “Jerry” Bradshaw is the CEO and Training Director for Tarheel Canine Training, Inc. of Sanford, North Carolina. Jerry is a professional consultant to various Police agencies and private corporations for K9 training & deployment. Jerry is often featured speaker at Police K9 conferences and has been invited to instruct at workshops and seminars around the country. Jerry has written articles for Dog Sport Magazine and Police K9 Magazine, and is the author of the forthcoming book Controlled Aggression in Theory & Practice, which is available for purchase here.

Jerry is a co-founder, Judge, and East Coast Director of one of the fastest growing protection dog sports in America, widely recognized as the single most difficult protection sport there is, PSA. Jerry is also a co-founding director of the National Tactical Police Dog Association which applies many of the same successful scenario-based principles found in PSA to the certification of police dogs.

Jerry has competed in National Championship trials in both Schutzhund and PSA, winning the PSA national championships in 2003 with his dog Ricardo V.D. Naaturzicht. Jerry is the only competitor to train 2 dogs to the PSA 3 level, and has achieved the SchH 3 level numerous times, with “V” scores. Tarheel Canine Training is a nationally renowned training facility for police service dogs, and has placed trained police dogs at various federal, state, and local agencies nationally and internationally since 1994. For more information on Tarheel Canine Training, or Jerry Bradshaw, please click here.

Jerry’s latest book, Controlled Aggression in Theory & Practice, was written for police K9 professionals and covers basic foundation training such as testing green K9 prospects for patrol suitability, training drive development, drive channeling, working in the bite suit, human orientation (combating equipment orientation). The book further features key skills training including training guarding behavior, out on command, redirected bites and the out and return, and the best way to train a call off with little to no pressure on the dog. If you have trouble with the recall (call-off) exercise being reliable, the information alone on training the call off in a new and different way is worth the price of the book hands down. Order your copy by clicking hereclicking here.

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